G.R.A.S. 46AD 1/2" CCP Pressure Standard Microphone Set, High Sensitivity

Freq range: 3.15 Hz to 10 kHz
Dyn range: 18 dB(A) to 138 dB
Sensitivity: 50 mV/Pa

Introduction

Through a close cooperation with our customers, we know that data-safety is highly important because the costs related to unsuited and unreliable sensors may determine whether your project turns into a success or not.

For our users, data safety translates directly into requests for easier microphone selection, simple system configuration and reduction of measurement errors.

To meet these requirements, we invented the microphone set concept. It is simple, reliable and robust and consists of a microphone cartridge and preamplifier combination, which is calibrated as one unit. This eliminates errors because there is only one sensitivity value to account for and the risk of contaminating the interface is eliminated. Combine this with our unique and proven design and you have the most reliable measurement microphone sets available in the industry today.

Typical applications and use

The 46AD is a pressure microphone set and as such optimized for acoustic measurements of the sound source in a closed coupler or the measurement of sound pressure at a boundary or wall; in which case the microphone forms part of the wall and measures the sound pressure on the wall itself.

The medium frequency range makes it ideal for general acoustic diagnostics.

The microphone set can be used in temperatures up to 70 °C. Should higher temperatures be required, we recommend using the G.R.A.S. probe microphones where the microphone and preamplifier can be isolated from the hot source.

Design

The G.R.A.S. 46AD is a high-performance 1/2” pressure standard microphone set for measuring medium sound pressure levels at medium frequencies. In our clean-room environment the set is assembled and sealed with a label. However, the microphone set can be dismounted if you wish to use the components separately.

Microphone
The microphone cartridge is the high-quality IEC 61094 WS2P standardized G.R.A.S. 40AD 1/2" Prepolarized Pressure Microphone, designed for long-term reliability in multiple environments.

The prepolarization is obtained through an electret that is inflicted on the microphone back-plate under highly controlled conditions. The electret is then charged to match the specified microphone sensitivity.

Preamplifier
The preamplifier is the G.R.A.S. 26CA 1/2" CCP Standard Preamplifier with BNC connector, and based on our wellknown circuit board substrates. In the industry these are famous for their low self-noise, wide frequency and excellent slew rate performance.

Compatibility

To perform as specified, the G.R.A.S. 46AD microphone set requires a constant current input module that can deliver 4 mA and 24 V unloaded CCP voltage supply. If the constant current supply is lower, the capability of driving long cables is reduced and consequently the upper frequency is reduced. If the voltage supply is lower it will influence the upper dynamic range.

The microphone set is terminated with a BNC connector. Cables with BNC connectors of various types and lengths are available in standard as well as customized lengths.

The 46AD is IEEE 1451.4 TEDS v. 1.0 compliant. If your measurement platform supports Transducer Electronic Data Sheets you will be able to read and write data like properties and calibration data.

System verification

The functionality of TEDS is very useful to determine which microphone is connected to which input channel. However, it is not a check of whether the microphone is within specifications or not. For daily verification and check of your measurement setup, we therefore recommend using a sound source like the G.R.A.S. 42AB Sound Calibrator.

For proper sensitivity calibration we recommend using a reference sound source like the G.R.A.S. 42AP Intelligent Pistonphone.

Service

Should you by mistake damage the diaphragm on a G.R.A.S. microphone we will in most cases be able to exchange it at a very reasonable cost and short turn-around time. This not only protects your investment but also meets your quality assurance department since you do not have to worry about new serial numbers etc.

Calibration

When leaving the factory, all G.R.A.S. microphones have been calibrated in a controlled laboratory environment using traceable calibration equipment. Depending on the use, measurement environment and internal quality control programs we recommend that the microphone is recalibrated at least once a year.

Performance and warranty

G.R.A.S. microphone sets are made of components from our proven standard portfolio and are all manufactured of high-quality material and branded parts that were chosen and processed to ensure life-long stability and robustness.

All parts are manufactured and assembled at the factory in Denmark by skilled and dedicated operators in a verified clean-room environment. The microphone diaphragm, body and unique protection grid are made of high-grade stainless steel and make the microphone set resistant to physical damage as well as corrosion caused by aggressive air or gasses.

This, together with the enforced gold-plated microphone terminal which guarantees a highly reliable connection, enables us to offer 5 years warranty against defective materials and workmanship.

TYPE (Microphone features) P
Frequency range (±1 dB) Hz 12.5 to 7.5 k
Frequency range (±2 dB) Hz 3.15 to 10 k
Dynamic range lower limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier dB(A) 18
Dynamic range upper limit with G.R.A.S. CCP preamplifier dB 138
Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB) mV/Pa 50
Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB) dB re 1V/Pa -26
Output impedance Ω <50
Output Voltage Swing, min. @ 24-28 V CCP voltage supply Vp 8
Power supply min. to max. mA 2 to 20
DC bias voltage, typ. V 12
Microphone venting Rear/Front
IEC 61094-4 Compliance WS2P
Temperature range, operation °C / °F -30 to 70 / -22 to 158
Temperature range, storage °C / °F -40 to 85 / -40 to 185
Temperature coefficient @250 Hz dB/°C / dB/°F -0.01 / -0.006
Static pressure coefficient @250 Hz dB/kPa -0.01
Humidity range non condensing % RH 0 to 95
Humidity coefficient @250 Hz dB/% RH -0.001
Influence of axial vibration @1 m/s² dB re 20 µPa 62
TEDS UTID (IEEE 1451.4) 27 v. 1.0
Connector type BNC
CE/RoHS compliant/WEEE registered Yes/Yes/Yes
Weight g / oz 33 / 1.164

Typical frequency response

Optional items

G.R.A.S. 42AA

Pistonphone, Class 1

G.R.A.S. 42AP

Intelligent Pistonphone, Class 0

G.R.A.S. 12AL

1-Channel CCP Power Module with A-weighting filter

G.R.A.S. 12AQ

2-Channel Universal Power Module with signal conditioning and PC interface

G.R.A.S. AA0035

3 m BNC-to-BNC cable

G.R.A.S. AA0037

10 m BNC-to-BNC cable

G.R.A.S. AA0039-CL

Customized length BNC-to-BNC cable