G.R.A.S. 45BC KEMAR Head & Torso with Mouth Simulator, Non-configured

Connection: 0 V/CCP or 200 V/LEMO
Channel(s): 2
ANSI: S3.36, S3.25
IEC: 60318-7
Special feature: Built-in mouth simulator and power amplifier
  • 45BC KEMAR with Mouth Sim, Non-configured
  • 45BC KEMAR with Mouth Sim, Non-configured

Introduction

The KEMAR head and torso simulator was introduced by Knowles in 1972 and quickly became the industry standard for hearing-aid manufacturers and research audiologists (visit KEMAR.us to read the full story). The G.R.A.S. KEMAR has the same dimensions and acoustical properties as the original KEMAR from 1972 and is 100% backwards compatible.

When fitted with pinna simulators, ear canal extension, and Ear Simulator, according to IEC 60318-4 or low-noise, KEMAR closely mimics the acoustic properties of the human ear. A KEMAR equipped with a mouth simulator also mimics the properties of the human mouth, and can therefore be used for testing of communication devices containing both microphone and loudspeaker. A 45BC KEMAR with mouth simulator has the same acoustical properties as a 45BB KEMAR without mouth simulator, except for a minor difference caused by the 45BC KEMAR's slightly open mouth.

The 45BC KEMAR meets the international standards as specified by IEC: 60318-7 and ANSI: S3.36, S3.25 and is based on ITU-T P 58.

The 45BB KEMAR is identical, but without a Mouth Simulator. Read more about 45BB KEMAR here.

Design

Anthropometric Head and Torso

The major difference between KEMAR and the standard commercially available head and torso simulators (HATS) is that KEMAR is built on a large statistical research of the average human body – meaning that the KEMAR has the same acoustical properties as an average human, including distinct facial features. Therefore it provides acoustic diffraction similar to that encountered around the median human head and torso, both in the proximity and in the far field. Because of its anthropometric shape it does so more realistically than any other manikin. KEMAR is the only manikin with a changeable ear-to-shoulder ratio simulating both male and female median values.

Mouth Simulator

The built-in mouth simulator simulates the sound field around the human head at close quarters and the far field. It is based on ITU-T Rec. P.58. At the mouth reference point (MRP) – 25 mm from the lip plane – the mouth simulator can be equalized to produce a signal from 100 Hz to 10 kHz up to a level of minimum 100 dB re. 20 μPa. The internal amplifier provides 10 dB amplification. If switched off, it is bypassed.

Ear Simulators

The IEC 60318-4 Ear Simulator

The G.R.A.S. Ear Simulator according to IEC 60318-4 is an ear simulator with an input impedance that closely resembles that of the human ear. It meets the requirements of IEC 60318-4:2007 “Occluded-ear simulator for the measurement of earphones coupled to the ear by ear inserts.” ITU-T P. 57 (08/96) “Series P: Telephone transmission quality, Objective measuring apparatus: Artificial ears.” It embodies a number of carefully designed volumes connected via well-defined and precisely tuned resistive grooves. Its input impedance resembles that of the human ear and therefore it loads the device under test in a way very similar to the human ear. It is delivered in two versions:

The Externally Polarized Ear Simulator RA0045 with the G.R.A.S. 40AG ½” Ext. Polarized Pressure Microphone. It requires a traditional 200 V polarization voltage. Connection is via 7-pin LEMO.

The Pre-polarized Ear Simulator RA0045-S1   with the G.R.A.S. 40A ½” Prepolarized Pressure Microphone. It requires a CCP supply. Connection is via a BNC cable.

Both are supplied with an individual calibration chart for the coupler-microphone combination.

The 43BB Low-noise Ear Simulator System

The 43BB Low-noise Ear Simulator System is based on the standardized IEC 60318-4 (711) Ear Simulator, but the built-in microphone is the 40AH low-noise microphone which has a specially reduced inherent noise floor in order to achieve a large dynamic range.

It has a very low noise floor – below 10.5 dB(A) – and can measure sound levels below or close to the threshold of human hearing. For comparison, a standard IEC 60318-4 (711) ear simulator with a G.R.A.S 40AG 1/2" microphone has its noise floor at 24.2 dB(A).

Read more about the 43BB here.

Pinnae - Standardized or Anthropometric

Standardized pinnae

Twelve (six pairs) different types of standardized pinnae are available for KEMAR. They come in two sizes (standard and small), normal or soft (normal: 55 Shore OO (IEC 60959) and soft: 35 Shore OO), and a VA-style (55 Shore OO or 35 Shore OO). They are designed for an easy push-fit into the ear recesses on the sides of the KEMAR Head.

Anthropometric pinnae

In addition to the standardized pinnae, anthropometric pinnae for KEMAR are available. They have anatomically correct ear-entrance and ear-canal with correct soft ear helix and provide perfect sealing and insertion accuracy for headphones and earphones, and improved collapsibility when testing supra- and circum-aural headsets. The hardness is 35 Shore OO.

Read more about the anthropometric pinna here.

Ear Canal Extensions

G.R.A.S. ear canal extensions are made of steel or POM and will not deform when testing devices in the concha or devices that are pressed against the pinnae, for example telephone handsets and earphones. This ensures an ultimate interface to the IEC 60318-4 Ear Simulator, resulting in a high degree of repeatability. For testing of binaural hearing aids, ear canal extensions made of POM must be used.

G.R.A.S. RA0237

Ear Canal Extension Kit with standard pinna-extension tube, Ø 7.5 mm, 8.3 mm long. Standardized according to IEC60318-7. 2 pcs, O-rings included.

G.R.A.S. RA0238

Ear Canal Extension Kit with tapered pinna-extension tube. Ø 9.85 tapering down to Ø 7.5 mm, 7.4 mm long. 2 pcs, O-rings included.

G.R.A.S. RA0239

Ear Canal Extension Kit with silicone rubber lining, Ø 7.5 mm, 14 mm long. Standardized according to ANSI S12.42. 2 pcs, O-rings included.

G.R.A.S. RA0249

Straight Earl Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR, Ø 7.5 mm, 8.3 mm long. Made of POM*. Standardized according to IEC60318-7. 2 pcs. O-rings are included.

G.R.A.S. RA0250

Tapered Ear Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR. Made of POM*. Ø 9.85 tapering down to Ø 7.5 mm, 7.4 mm long. 2 pcs. O-rings are included.

*To obtain the desired effect of non-interference with RF communication inside the head, KEMAR must also be fitted with plastic ear holder plates. These are part of the G.R.A.S. RA0251 Retrofit Kit for Binaural Hearing Aid Test. This kit also contains the RA0249 and RA0250 Ear Canal Extensions.

The ear canal extensions are for use with the standard pinnae. The anthropometric pinnae seal directly against the ear simulator.

True to the Legacy - but Improved 

The current KEMAR has the same dimensions and acoustical properties as the original KEMAR, but has been developed further by G.R.A.S. to meet the industry’s demand for realistic measurements. Today, more than 40 years after its inception, KEMAR can test any device that contains both loudspeakers and microphones as well as perform binaural recordings of product sound and music.

At G.R.A.S. we safeguard KEMAR's legacy, but are also continuously expanding the range of features and functionalities leading to new applications and uses - without compromising KEMAR's original form.

In 2013, KEMAR underwent a substantial rejuvenation that introduced major improvements to build quality, user friendliness and configurability. KEMAR’s previous fiberglass construction was updated to a plastic composite that provides a more user friendly and rugged construction. At the same time, many other improvements were introduced, making KEMAR much easier to configure, calibrate and service.

Ease of Use

The improvements to KEMAR's user friendliness comprise:

  • The interior of KEMAR's head can be accessed easily by pushing a button and lifting the scalp.
  • The transducers are mounted and removed by a simple snap fit mechanism.
  • Standard pinnae are push mounted from the outside. The anthropometric pinnae, however, are secured from the inside by two screws in addition to the push mounting.
  • A scale around KEMAR's neck indicates the head angle and allows for repeatable measurements.

In most cases calibration can be done from the outside without dismantling the ear simulator(s). However, for some configurations - with microphones and anthropometric pinnae -  dismounting of the transducers before calibration is necessary.

Cabling and Connections

All internal cabling is factory mounted. The sockets for connection to ear simulators or microphones are easily accessible at the top of the neck, the sockets for connection to instrumentation are located at the lower back.

Mounting Options

KEMAR is delivered with two tripod adapters, one for tripods with 3/8” thread and one for ø35 mm loudspeaker stands.

Typical Applications and Use

 A Multi-configurable Test Tool

The 45BC KEMAR Head and Torso, non-configured is a KEMAR without any application specific accessories. As such, this KEMAR is intended for customers who want to reuse accessories already in their possession. But the non-configured KEMAR is also the core of all configured 45BC KEMARs.

The main application specific accessories are:

  • 60318-4 ear simulators, both externally polarized and  prepolarized
  • A low-noise ear simulation system, externally polarized
  • ½ inch or ¼  inch. microphones, externally polarized and  prepolarized
  • Preamplifiers selected to match the actual configuration
  • Straight and conical ear canal extensions, made from steel
  • Straight and conical ear canal extensions, made from POM
  • 12 different standard pinnae, small and large, soft and normal, straight or VA-style
  • 2 anthropometric pinnae, with anthropometric concha and ear canal.
  • A mouth simulator with built-in power amplifier.

With these accessories, KEMAR can be configured for a wide range of both standard and special applications, making it the most versatile manikin for in-situ anthropometric testing today.

KEMAR is used in various industries around the world and is the recognized industry-standard for in-situ anthropomorphic testing in the fields of:

  • Hearing aid testing
  • Ear and headphone testing
  • Sound recording and sound-quality evaluation
  • Headset and telephone testing
  • Testing of active noise cancellation systems

A number of pre-configured KEMARs with mouth simulator are available. Each configuration is optimized for a specific application, with transducer(s), preamplifiers, pinna simulators, and cables and accessories. They are delivered fully assembled, tested and calibrated as complete out-of-the-box systems. These are:

Headset Testing

For headset testing, 6 different configurations are available.

45BC-1 and 2 for Headset Test

For testing headsets with 60318-4 ear simulators and standardized pinnae, a LEMO version and a CCP version are available. They are configured with 60318-4 ear simulators and large pinnae 55 Shore OO. Thiese two configurations are for testing in accordance with the relevant standards.

G.R.A.S. 45BC-1 KEMAR for Headset Test, 2-Ch LEMO

G.R.A.S. 45BC-2 KEMAR for Headset Test, 2-Ch CCP

45BC-9 and 10 for Headset Test with Anthropometric Pinnae

For headset testing with anthropometric pinnae, two configurations with 60318-4 ear simulators and anthropometric pinnae are available. The anthropometric pinnae introduce a number of advantages over the standardized pinnae when testing insert types of transducers and supra-aural headsets. With the anthropometric pinnae, you get improved fit, seal and repeatability when testing in-ear devices and more realistic collapsibility when testing supra and circum aural devices.

G.R.A.S. 45BC-9 KEMAR with Mouth Simulator and Anthropometric Pinnae for Headset Test, 2-Ch LEMO

G.R.A.S. 45BC-10 KEMAR with Mouth Simulator and Anthropometric Pinnae for Headset Test, 2-Ch CCP

45BC-11 and 12 for Low-noise Headset Test

For low-noise testing of ear and headphones, a two configurations with low-noise ear simulator system(s) and anthropometric pinnae are available, both for single channel and dual channel testing. The combination of a special low-noise version of the ear simulator and the anthropometric pinnae introduces major improvements to fit, accuracy and, repeatability. Also, the low- and high frequency performance is improved when testing insert type ear and headphones. This KEMAR can also test at or below the threshold of human hearing. The low-noise artificial ear is available in a LEMO version only.

G.R.A.S. 45BC-11 KEMAR with Mouth Simulator and Anthropometric Pinnae for Low-noise Headset Test, 1-Ch LEMO

G.R.A.S. 45BC-12 KEMAR with Mouth Simulator and Anthropometric Pinnae for Low-noise Headset Test, 2-Ch LEMO

Telephone Testing

For telephone test, two configurations with the45EA Handset Positioning System are available. With this, very realistic in-situ measurements on mobile telephones as well as conventional handsets are possible.

G.R.A.S. 45BC-3 KEMAR for Telephone Test, 1-Ch LEMO

G.R.A.S. 45BC-4 KEMAR for Telephone Test, 1-Ch CCP

KEMAR without Mouth Simulator

The 45BB KEMAR is a KEMAR without Mouth Simulator. 12 different configurations are available. Read more here.

Performance and Warranty

KEMAR is made of components from our standard portfolio and are all manufactured of high-quality material and branded parts that were chosen and processed to ensure life-long stability and robustness. This enables us to offer 2 years warranty against defective materials and workmanship.
Exceptions: Microphones included in KEMAR as for these our normal 5 year warranty apply. The warranty period for cables is 6 months.

Connector type 3 m 7-pin LEMO/BNC
Resonance frequency kHz Complex
Temperature range, operation °C / °F -30 to 60 / -22 to 140
Temperature range, storage °C / °F -40 to 65 / -40 to 149
Humidity range non condensing % RH 0 to 95%
ANSI standard S3.36, S3.25
IEC standard 60318-7
ITU-T recommondations P. 58
Weight g / oz 13 k / 459
MOUTH SIMULATOR .
Output impedance Ω 8
Maximum power, continuous W 10
Maximum power, pulsed 2 sec. W 50
Input impedance 20
Gain dB 10
Input signal, max. Vrms 2
Power supply, external Vdc 24

Included items

G.R.A.S. 45BH-S1

KEMAR Head Assembly with Mouth Simulator

G.R.A.S. 45BT-S1

KEMAR Torso

G.R.A.S. GR1589

Neck Extension Ring, 11 mm, 2 pcs

G.R.A.S. KB0010

T-Shirt

G.R.A.S. SW0005

USB Flash Drive with HRTF and Free-field corrections data

G.R.A.S. RA0188

Mouth Calibration Jig for KEMAR

G.R.A.S. AA0032

BNC-BNC Cable, 50 cm

G.R.A.S. AA0035

BNC-BNC Cable, 3 m

G.R.A.S. AB0012

Power supply for mouth simulator amplifier

G.R.A.S. KB0000

KEMAR Book

G.R.A.S. YY0018

Allen key, 2 mm

G.R.A.S. YY0013

Allen key, 4 mm

G.R.A.S. YY0039

Screwdriver, 5.5 mm

G.R.A.S. GR1573

Bottom plate with 3/8" thread for tripod

G.R.A.S. GR1602

Bottom plate with 35mm hole for loudspeaker stand (AL0026)

 

Optional items

Power Modules for Externally Polarized Ear Simulators and Microphones

G.R.A.S. 12AK

1-Channel Power Module with gain, filters and SysCheck generator

G.R.A.S. 12AD

1-Channel Power Module

G.R.A.S. 12AA

2-Channel Power Module with gain, filters and SysCheck generator

G.R.A.S. 12AR

2-Channel Power Module 

G.R.A.S. 12AQ

2-Channel Universal Power Module with signal conditioning and PC interface

 

Power Modules for Pre-polarized Ear Simulators and Microphones

G.R.A.S. 12AL

1-Channel CCP Power Module with A-weighting filter 

G.R.A.S. 12AQ

2-Channel Universal Power Module with signal conditioning and PC interface

 

For Ear Simulator Calibration

G.R.A.S. 42AP

Intelligent Pistonphone (250 Hz or 251.2 Hz, 114 dB +/- 0.05 dB)

G.R.A.S. 42AA

Pistonphone (250 Hz, 114 dB +/- 0.08 dB)

G.R.A.S. RA0157

1/2" Calibration Adapter for KEMAR Pinna

 

Pinna Simulators

G.R.A.S. KB0060

KEMAR Small Right Ear 55 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB0061

KEMAR Small Left Ear 55 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB0065

KEMAR Large Right Ear 55 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB0066

KEMAR Large Left Ear 55 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB1060

KEMAR Small Right Ear, 35 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB1061

KEMAR Small Left Ear 35 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB1065

KEMAR Large Right Ear 35 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB1066

KEMAR Large Left Ear 35 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB0090

KEMAR Large Right Ear (VA-Style/SQ) 55 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB0091

KEMAR Large Left Ear (VA-Style/SQ) 55 Shore OO

G.R.A.S. KB1090

KEMAR Large Right Ear (VA-Style) 35 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB1091

KEMAR Large Left Ear (VA-Style) 35 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB5000

KEMAR Large Right Anthropometric Pinna 35 Shore OO 

G.R.A.S. KB5001

KEMAR Large Left Anthropometric Pinna 35 Shore OO

 

Ear Mould Simulators

G.R.A.S. KB0110

Ear Mould Simulator for 2 mm Inner diameter tubing 

G.R.A.S. KB0111

Ear Mould Simulator for 3 mm Inner diameter tubing

 

Ear Canal Extension and Microphone Holder Kits (kits with 2 pcs and O-rings)

G.R.A.S. RA0237

Straight Ear Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR 

G.R.A.S. RA0238

VA-tapered Ear Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR 

G.R.A.S. RA0239

Ear canal Extension Kit w. silicone lining for KEMAR

G.R.A.S. RA0240

Holder for long 1/2" microphone Kit for KEMAR 

G.R.A.S. RA0241

Holder for short 1/2" microphone Kit for KEMAR

G.R.A.S. RA0243

Holder for 1/2" microphone Kit for KEMAR

G.R.A.S. RA0244

O-ring kit for KEMAR, 2 pcs. 

G.R.A.S. RA0249 Straight Ear Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR, made of POM, for binaural hearing aid test
G.R.A.S. RA0250 Tapered Ear Canal Extension Kit for KEMAR, made of POM, for binaural hearing aid test

 

KEMAR Retrofit Kit for Binaural Hearing Aid Test

G.R.A.S. RA0251

KEMAR Retrofit Kit for Binaural Hearing Aid Test.

The Kit includes Ear Holder Plates, mounting bolts and the RA0249 and RA0250 Ear Canal Extension Kits.
Included items are made of POM, Nylon and Teflon.

 

Extension Cables

G.R.A.S. AA0008

LEMO 7-pin - LEMO 7-pin Cable, 3 m 

G.R.A.S. AA0009

LEMO 7-pin - LEMO 7-pin Cablee, 10 m

G.R.A.S. AA0020-CL

LEMO 7-pin - LEMO 7-pin Cable, Customized Length xxxx cm

G.R.A.S. AA0034

BNC-BNC Cable, 2 m

G.R.A.S. AA0035

BNC-BNC Cable, 3 m 

G.R.A.S. AA0036

BNC-BNC Cable, 5 m

G.R.A.S. AA0037

BNC-BNC Cable, 10 m 

G.R.A.S. AA0039-CL

BNC-BNC Cable, Customized Length, xxxx cm 

 

Flight Case

G.R.A.S. KM0094

 PELI Case for KEMAR

 

Simulation Model of KEMAR

G.R.A.S. KB3000

Simulation Model of KEMAR with large pinnae

G.R.A.S. KB3001

Simulation Model of KEMAR with small pinnae

 

Stand for KEMAR

G.R.A.S. AL0026

 Loudspeaker stand for KEMAR, Ø 35 mm

 

Miscellaneous

G.R.A.S. KB0000

KEMAR Handbook 

G.R.A.S. KB0010

T-Shirt for KEMAR