The 40AI is an IEC 61094-compliant, WS2F ½" externally polarized sound-intensity microphone pair. Read about the prepolarized equivalent [40GI].
The 40AI microphone pair consists of two phase-matched free-field condenser microphones with extremely well-controlled phase characteristics for use in sound-intensity probes. Their standard mounting threads make them compatible with all the usual available makes of measurement-microphone preamplifiers.
As a microphone pair, the free-field frequency response of the 40AI complies with IEC 61043 1993 Class 1 and IEC 60651 Type 1 in the range from 20 Hz to 10 kHz.
Two 40AI microphones are included in 40AK microphone set, which is used in the G.R.A.S. LEMO Sound Intensity Probe Type 50AI.
40AI is individually factory-calibrated and delivered with a calibration chart stating its specific open-circuit sensitivity and pressure frequency response.
Typical applications and use
The 40AI is designed for sound-intensity and sound-power measurements, as well as sound-source localization, which is why it is included in the 50AI probe. Each 40AI microphone pair is phase matched according to the phase specifications for a Class 1 Sound Intensity Probe in accordance with international IEC 61043, Electroacoustics - Instruments for the Measurement of Sound Intensity - Measurements with Pairs of Pressure Sensing Microphones, 1993.
The quality of a sound intensity probe microphone is its ability to measure the real part of a complex sound intensity in highly reactive sound fields as well as in sound fields exposed to high levels of background noise. This ability depends largely on the phase responses of the microphone pair. The individual phase matching of each 40AI ensures that any differences in phase responses are extremely small.
The 40AI is also used for ranking of sound sources. When mounted in a sound-intensity probe such as the 50AI, the microphones can pinpoint the area generating the most noise, which may then require additional measurements, depending on the measurement procedures and processes used. The sound-intensity microphones reveal the weak and strong points when identifying noise sources. Sound-source ranking is useful as long as the background noise doesn't exceed the noise source.
The 40AI requires a standardized ¼" LEMO preamplifier and an input module that supports this technology.
For daily verification and check of your measurement setup, we recommend using a calibrator like G.R.A.S. Sound Level Calibrator 42AB.
For proper sensitivity calibration, we recommend using a pistonphone like G.R.A.S. Intelligent Pistonphone 42AP. 40AI cannot be calibrated with the 51AC-S1 Sound Intensity Calibration Adapter.
When leaving the factory, all G.R.A.S. microphones have been calibrated in a controlled laboratory environment using traceable calibration equipment. Depending on the use, measurement environment and internal quality control programs we recommend that the microphone is recalibrated at least once a year.
We offer two kinds of calibration as an optional after-sales service: G.R.A.S. Traceable Calibration and G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration.
G.R.A.S. Traceable Calibration is a traceable calibration performed by trained personnel under controlled conditions according to established procedures and standards. This is identical to the rigorous calibration that all G.R.A.S. microphones are subjected to as an integral part of our quality assurance.
G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration is performed by the G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration Laboratory that has been accredited in accordance with ISO 17025 by DANAK, the Danish Accreditation Fund.
If you want a new microphone set delivered with an accredited calibration in stead of the default factory calibration, specify this when ordering.
Learn more at gras/calib.
Quality and warranty
All G.R.A.S. microphones are made of high-quality materials that will ensure life-long stability and robustness. The microphones are all assembled in verified clean-room environments by skilled and dedicated operators with many years of expertise in this field.
The microphone diaphragm, body, and improved protection grid are made of high-grade stainless steel, which makes the microphone resistant to physical damage, as well as corrosion caused by aggressive air or gasses.
This, combined with the reinforced gold-plated microphone terminal which guarantees a highly reliable connection, enables G.R.A.S. to offer 5 years warranty against defective materials and workmanship.
If you accidentally damage the diaphragm on a G.R.A.S. microphone, we can — in most cases — replace it at a very reasonable cost and with a short turn-around time. This not only protects your investment, but also pleases your quality assurance department because you don’t have to worry about new serial numbers, etc.
|Frequency range (±1 dB)||Hz||1 - 12 kHz / IEC 61043 Class 1|
|Dynamic range lower limit (microphone thermal noise)||dB(A)||20|
|Dynamic range upper limit||dB||152|
|Dynamic range upper limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier @ +28 V / ±14 V power supply||dB||145|
|Dynamic range upper limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier @ +120 V / ±60 V power supply||dB||157|
|Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±1 dB)||mV/Pa||25|
|Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±1 dB)||dB re 1V/Pa||-32|
|Temperature range, operation||°C / °F||-40 to 150 / -40 to 320|
|Temperature range, storage||°C / °F||-40 to 85 / -40 to 185|
|Temperature coefficient @250 Hz||dB/°C / dB/°F||-0.01 / -0.006|
|Static pressure coefficient @250 Hz||dB/kPa||-0.007|
|Humidity range non condensing||% RH||0 to 100|
|Humidity coefficient @250 Hz||dB/% RH||-0.001|
|Influence of magnetic field @80 A/m, 50 Hz||dB re 20 µPa||34|
|Influence of axial vibration @1 m/s²||dB re 20 µPa||62|
|CE/RoHS compliant/WEEE registered||Yes / Yes / Yes|
|Weight||g / oz||10 / 0.353|
Sound Intensity Microphone Pair Type 40AI fulfills the phase requirements of a Class 1 Sound IntensityProbe in accordance with IEC International Standard 61043.
- Difference in phase response: From 50 Hz to 250 Hz < 0.05°
- From 250 Hz to 6.3 kHz < f/5000º
- Difference in amplitude response (normalised at 250 Hz):
From 20 Hz to 1 kHz < 0.2 dB
From 20 Hz to 5 kHz < 0.4 dB
- Difference in sensitivity at 250 Hz: < 1dBDifference in polarized capacity:< 0.6 pF