G.R.A.S. 40AC 1/2" Ext. Polarized Free-field Microphone, Wide Frequency

Freq range: 3.15 Hz to 40 kHz
Dyn range: 20 dBA to 164 dB
Sensitivity: 12.5 mV/Pa
  • 40AC 1/2


G.R.A.S. 40AC is a high-precision condenser microphone made according to IEC 61094-4 requirements. The 40AC’s design is based on the original reference 1/2" pressure microphone, but optimized for free-field measurements. This results in a doubling of the upper 3 dB frequency limit. All other parameters remain unchanged, making 40AC the perfect free-field complement to the original G.R.A.S. 40AG 1/2" Ext. Polarized Pressure Microphone.

The 40AC is individually factory-calibrated and delivered with a calibration chart stating its specific open-circuit sensitivity, pressure, and corrected free-field frequency responses. 

Typical applications and use

The compact design and low sensitivity make 40AC extremely robust and stable. This, combined with its wide frequency range, makes it an all-round free-field microphone suitable for both field-work and precision laboratory measurements. It is also ideal as a working standard microphone in calibration laboratories that offer free-field calibration.


40AC requires a standardized 1/2" or 1/4" Lemo compatible preamplifier and an input module with a 7-pin Lemo connector that provides polarization and supply voltages for microphone and preamplifier.

System verification

For daily verification and check of your measurement setup, we recommend using a calibrator like G.R.A.S. 42AB Sound Calibrator, Class 1.

For proper sensitivity calibration, we recommend using a pistonphone like G.R.A.S. 42AP Intelligent Pistonphone, Class 0.


When leaving the factory, all G.R.A.S. microphones have been calibrated in a controlled laboratory environment using traceable calibration equipment. Depending on the use, measurement environment and internal quality control programs we recommend that the microphone is recalibrated at least once a year.

We offer two kinds of calibration as an optional after-sales service: G.R.A.S. Traceable Calibration and G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration.

G.R.A.S. Traceable Calibration is a traceable calibration performed by trained personnel under controlled conditions according to established procedures and standards. This is identical to the rigorous calibration that all G.R.A.S. microphones are subjected to as an integral part of our quality assurance.

G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration is performed by the G.R.A.S. Accredited Calibration Laboratory that has been accredited in accordance with ISO 17025 by DANAK, the Danish Accreditation Fund.

If you want a new microphone set delivered with an accredited calibration in stead of the default factory calibration, specify this when ordering.

Learn more at gras/calib.

Quality and warranty

All G.R.A.S. microphones are made of high-quality materials that will ensure life-long stability and robustness. The microphones are all assembled in verified clean-room environments by skilled and dedicated operators with many years of expertise in this field.

The microphone diaphragm, body, and improved protection grid are made of high-grade stainless steel, which makes the microphone resistant to physical damage, as well as corrosion caused by aggressive air or gasses.

This, combined with the reinforced gold-plated microphone terminal which guarantees a highly reliable connection, enables G.R.A.S. to offer 5 years warranty against defective materials and workmanship.


If you accidentally damage the diaphragm on a G.R.A.S. microphone, we can — in most cases — replace it at a very reasonable cost and with a short turn-around time. This not only protects your investment, but also pleases your quality assurance department because you don’t have to worry about new serial numbers, etc.

Frequency range (±1 dB) Hz 5 to 16 k
Frequency range (±2 dB) Hz 3.15 to 40 k
Dynamic range lower limit (microphone thermal noise) dB(A) 20
Dynamic range lower limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier dB(A) 25
Dynamic range upper limit dB 164
Dynamic range upper limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier @ +28 V / ±14 V power supply dB 153
Dynamic range upper limit with G.R.A.S. preamplifier @ +120 V / ±60 V power supply dB 164
Open-circuit sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB) mV/Pa 12.5
Open-circuit sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB) dB re 1V/Pa -38
Resonance frequency kHz 32
Microphone cartridge capacitance, typ. pF 18
Microphone venting Rear
IEC 61094-4 Compliance WS2F
Temperature range, operation °C / °F -40 to 150 / -40 to 302
Temperature range, storage °C / °F -40 to 85 / -40 to 185
Temperature coefficient @250 Hz dB/°C / dB/°F -0.01 / -0.006
Static pressure coefficient @250 Hz dB/kPa -0.01
Humidity range non condensing % RH 0 to 100
Humidity coefficient @250 Hz dB/% RH -0.001
Influence of axial vibration @1 m/s² dB re 20 µPa 60
CE/RoHS compliant/WEEE registered Yes / Yes, Yes
Weight g / oz 6.25 / 0.22

Typical frequency response. Upper curve shows free-field response for 0°, lower curve shows pressure response

Free-field corrections for various degrees of incidence

Optional items

G.R.A.S. AF0008

Adapter for 1/4" preamplifier and 1/2" microphone

G.R.A.S. GR0010

Adapter for 1/4" preamplifier and 1/2" microphone

G.R.A.S. RA0001

Right-angled (90°) adapter for 1/2" microphone and 1/4" preamplifier

G.R.A.S. RA0003

Adapter for 1/4" preamplifier and 1/2" microphone

G.R.A.S. RA0016

20 dB Attenuator for externally polarized 1/2" microphones

G.R.A.S. CA0001

Traceable Calibration of Microphone

G.R.A.S. CA2001

Accredited Calibration of Microphone